Listan NegroAll products from this varietal
Plantings of Listán Negro are concentrated in the unique volcanic terroir of the Canary Islands. Wines made from Listán Negro vary considerably in style, from refreshing rosé wines to soft ligh-bodied red wines with round tannins, spice and bright red berry aromas.
The Canary Islands are perhaps best known for their otherworldly landscapes and warm temperatures that draw millions of tourists every year. Spectacular razor-sharp cliffs, golden sand dunes, seemingly endless coastline and the lunar-like volcanic terrain of Lanzarote are far better known than the region's wines. The dramatic, lofty Canary Islands sit at a latitude of roughly 28°N – making them the most tropical of Europe's wine regions. It is thanks to this position, once criss-crossed by naval trade routes, that the local wine industry first flourished – not long after the islands came under Spanish control in the early 15th Century. Because of the hot and humid tropical conditions that prevail here, the Canary Islands are not, in theory, ideal for growing grapes for wine. Indeed wines have been made from other warm-climate fruits, including bananas. But they have individual climatic and topographical features that make wine production possible. The altitude of the stone-terrace vineyards is vital and for the majority, it ranges from 500 to 1000 meters (1640-3280ft) – sometimes even higher. This ensures that freshness and acidity are maintained in the grapes. Another important factor is the soil, which is largely derived from the islands' volcanic activity. The soil imparts mineral and subtle, salty notes to the otherwise largely aromatic local wines. A vast range of indigenous grapes are grown for wine, and international varieties are largely absent. Listan Blanco (Palomino), Malvasia, Marmajuelo, Listan Negro and Tintilla are just some of the authorized grapes. The local varieties are suited to the sub-tropical climate and achieve high must weight, a reason the trend has been to produce sweet wines, including fortified ones aged oxidatively. Some are regarded as being of extremely high quality and demand high prices due to their complex nature. The production of quality wines is aided by the islands' overall growing conditions as well as the age of the vines (phylloxera never reached here and imported rootstock was not needed). The Canaries' largest island, Tenerife, houses half of the region's DOs: Abona, Tacoronte-Acentejo, Valle de Guimar, Valle de la Orotava and Ycoden-Daute-Isora. The remaining designations cover the islands (in their entirety) of El Hierro, Gran Canaria, La Gomera, La Palma and Lanzarote. Each area has a unique microclimate and soil composition, lending to distinctive wines with signature mineral notes.